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民间组织联合公报 (新开行—民间组织会面 )
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新开发银行—民间组织会面

上海,2017年10月25日-26日


民间组织联合公报

2017年11月

2017年10月25日至26日,来自金砖国家和其他国家的30多位民间组织代表齐聚上海,与新开发银行(以下简称新开行)高级管理层及相关职员会面。

 

新开行行长瓦曼·卡马特(K.V. Kamath)、副行长弗拉基米尔·卡兹别科夫(Vladimir Kazbekov)、祝宪、莱斯利·马斯多普(Leslie Maasdorp)同民间组织代表就新开行的组织架构、人员配备、传播策略、政策、项目融资、设计、审批、实施、监督评估和包括绿色债券在内的金融工具等议题交换意见。

 

同时,民间组织也对相关问题提出了他们的关切、建议和要求,这些问题涵盖透明度、问责、信息获取、社会性别、环境和社会管理以及使民间组织参与制度化的机制等。


 

以下是此次会议中民间组织代表提出的关键问题:


 

透明度

• 建议新开行进一步说明将如何有效地反馈信息、披露政策的执行情况;

• 建议新开行制定2018年信息披露政策回顾流程的框架。为改善信息披露政策和新开行的信息披露方式,建议新开行与民间组织和社区代表共同制定咨商流程;

• 建议新开行将项目周期内的所有文件上载至新开行网站,文件所用语言应包含英文和新开行创始成员国的官方语言;

• 建议在新开行网站上公开新开行工作人员联系方式,以便公众向相关工作人员发送信息或建议;

• 建议公开所有民间组织或社区代表提交的信息披露要求,以及新开行对此的答复。

 


社会性别

• 建议制定全面的、强制性的社会性别政策,以指导新开行的架构、治理和运营;

• 建议聘请社会性别领域的专业人员,以确保所有的运营和政策都注意性别问题、防止性别歧视、促进男女平等和赋权,并为管理人员和员工设计性别政策和性别培训计划。 新开行在会面中表示,2018年可考虑聘请一位专业人员;

• 建议设立一个多主体的性别咨询委员会,为新开行提供咨询,并与新开行协力合作将性别问题纳入整个新开行的工作中。

 


环境与社会管理

• 建议在短期内,建立一个新开行---民间社会(包括民间组织、学者、妇女团体、工会、受影响社区等)可持续基础设施特别小组,详细制定评估基础设施项目可持续性的指标;

• 建议在中期内,根据基础设施项目的可持续性程度,制定财政和非财政激励政策;

• 建议在开展项目前,必须进行可靠的环境影响评估和人权尽职调查,以避免将利益相关方排除在外或侵犯其权利;

• 建议在管理土地、森林和自然资源的生物多样性、气候变化的预防和影响以及其他重大环境问题方面,识别和保护特别是妇女及原住农民的性别角色和权利;

• 在2017年4月初上交提案之后,民间组织在本次会议之前与新开行的官员再次分享,建议新开行就民间组织提出的《环境和社会框架》政策建议进行回应并设立一个明确的时间表 。

 


与民间社会的互动

• 承认民间社会的多样性,特别是在可持续发展中,与地方社区代表进行接触和协商是十分重要的;

• 民间社会不应只是被征询意见,而应作为平等的合作伙伴,共同确定一个敢于作为的、有改革能力的、以人为本的银行;

• 新开发银行必须通过与更广泛的利益相关方(包括非政府组织、学者、妇女团体、工会、受影响的社区等)建立伙伴关系,来确保民间社会的参与;

• 建议为新开行---民间社会参与机制制定有时限的行动计划。这一行动计划需要与五个金砖国家的民间组织进行广泛的磋商,内容包括指导原则、各方角色、拟议安排、时间表和预算。值得注意的是,组织本次民间组织会面的领导小组以及其他参加会议的组织可在促进这一进程方面发挥初始作用,同时为其他组织开辟参与空间。


 

此次与新开行的高级管理人员会面之后,我们相信新开行将采取行动,着手解决上述问题。我们期待在2018年4月1日新开行第三次年会期间,与新开行就上述问题进一步磋商。


 

我们相信,新开行作为致力于包容性可持续发展的新机构,有机会也有责任,承担促进平等发展的改革者角色,促进更广泛的经济和社会公正,包括促进金砖国家和更多国家的社会性别平等。 作为金砖国家民间社会的代表,我们承诺就上述议题与新开行积极开展合作并提供大力支持。

 

公报联署方

ActionAid India 行动援助 印度

AFRODAD 非洲信贷与发展论坛网络

BRICS Feminist Watch 金砖国家女权观察

CONECTAS (Brazil) 连接人权(巴西)

Gender Action 性别行动

Global Environmental Institute (China) 全球环境研究所(中国)

Green Watershed (China) 绿色流域(中国)

Greenovation Hub (China) 创绿研究院(中国)

Greenpeace East Asia 绿色和平 东亚

Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (Brazil) 社会经济学研究所(巴西)

JGU-CALACS (India) 金德尔全球大学非洲拉丁美洲加勒比研究中心

Oxfam 乐施会

PWESCR International 女性经济社会与文化权益项目

RESURJ 实现性别与生育公正组织

Vasudha Foundation (India)瓦苏达基金会(印度)

(公报内容以英文版为主)

 



New Development Bank – Civil Society Meeting
Shanghai, October 25-26, 2017
CIVIL SOCIETY COMMUNIQUÉ

November 2017

Over 30 civil society representatives from BRICS countries and others came together to meet with the senior management and other relevant staff of the New Development Bank (NDB) on the 25-26th of October, 2017 in Shanghai.

 


The NDB’s President K.V. Kamath and Vice-Presidents Vladimir Kazbekov, Xian Zhu, and Leslie Maasdorp interacted with the group on various aspects of the Bank such as its structure, staffing approach, communications strategy, policies, project financing, design, approval, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation, and financial instruments including green bonds.

 


The civil society organizations (CSO) in turn presented their concerns, suggestions, and demands on issues of transparency, accountability, access to information, gender, environmental and social management, and mechanisms to institutionalize civil society engagement.

 


Please find below the summary of the main asks by civil society representatives who attended the meeting:

 


TRANSPARENCY

• Further clarification on how the NDB can effectively give feedback on how the information disclosure policy is implemented.

• A framework for the next review process of the information disclosure policy due in 2018, and a consultation process to be established by the Bank with CSOs and community representatives to improve the information disclosure policy and the way the Bank provides information.

• Accessibility of project documents at all stages of the project cycle on the NDB website in English and the official national languages of the Bank’s founding member countries.

• The sharing of the NDB staff contact list on the website in order for the public to send information and/or recommendations on any matters or concerns to the appropriate NDB staff.

• Publishing all information disclosure requests submitted by CSOs and/or community representatives and the Bank’s responses to the same.

 


GENDER

• Development of a comprehensive, mandatory Gender Policy to guide all NDB’s structure, governance, and operations.

• Hiring a Principal Professional (Gender) to ensure all operations and policies identify and address gender issues, prevent gender discrimination and promote men’s and women’s equal rights and empowerment as well as design a gender policy and gender training program for managers and staff. As advised by the NDB, the hiring of a Principal Professional (Gender) could be considered during the current planning of NDB staff for 2018.

• Setting up of a multi-actor Gender Advisory Committee to advise and effectively work with the bank to integrate gender concerns across the NDB.

 


ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT

• In the short term, create an NDB-civil society (CSOs, academics, women’s groups, trade unions, social movements, affected communities etc.) taskforce on sustainable infrastructure to elaborate on indicators to assess the sustainability of infrastructure projects.

• In the medium term, develop financial and non-financial incentives based on the degree of sustainability of infrastructure projects.

• Projects always be preceded by sound environmental impact assessment and human rights due diligence to avoid exclusion and violation of rights.

• Identification and protection of gender roles and rights especially among women and indigenous farmers in managing land, forests and biodiverse natural resources, climate change prevention and impacts, and other critical environmental issues.

• A clear timeframe for response by the NDB on civil society’s Environmental and Social Framework policy recommendation, following a submission made in early April 2017, and shared again with the NDB officials prior to this meeting.

 


INTERACTION WITH CIVIL SOCIETY

• Acknowledging the diversity of civil society, especially the importance of engagement and consultation with local community representatives to assure sustainable development.

• Civil society must not merely be consulted, but engaged as an equal partner in all political processes to co-determine a bold, transformative and people-centered Bank.

• The NDB must commit to civil society participation through a partnership with a wider range of stakeholders, including NGOs, academics, women’s groups, trade unions, social movements, affected communities etc.

• This can be supported through a time-bound Action Plan for the institutionalization of NDB-civil society engagement.

 


Such an Action Plan would include broad-based consultations with CSOs in the 5 BRICS countries, and include: guiding principles, roles, proposed arrangements, time frame and budget. Note that the group leading the CSO session along with the other organizations attending the meeting can play an initial role in facilitating the process while opening up a space for other interested organizations.

 


Following our engagement with the NDB senior management staff, we trust that the NDB will address and commit to taking action on these issues. We look forward to consulting with the Bank further on these issues through the civil society interaction to be held during the NDB’s Third Annual Meeting slated for April 1, 2018.

 


We believe that as a new institution committed to inclusive, sustainable development, the NDB has the opportunity and responsibility to play a transformative role towards achieving substantive equality in promoting greater economic and social justice, including gender equality among the five BRICS’ countries and beyond. As representatives of civil society from the BRICS countries, we stand committed to work with and support the NDB in all these matters.

 


SIGNATORIES TO THE COMMUNIQUÉ

ActionAid India

AFRODAD

BRICS Feminist Watch

CONECTAS (Brazil)

Gender Action

Global Environmental Institute (China)

Green Watershed (China)

Greenovation Hub (China)

Greenpeace East Asia

Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (Brazil)

JGU-CALACS (India)

Oxfam

PWESCR International

RESURJ

Vasudha Foundation (India)

 

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